Gas Chamber at San Quentin (now used for lethal injection)

Gas Chamber at San Quentin (now used for lethal injection)

History of Lethal Gas in America

  • The use of poisonous gas in World War I and the popularity of suicide by gas oven first inspired the use of lethal gas in America
  • Nevada was the first State to adopt and use lethal gas in 1924
  • Lethal gas has been used 31 times for execution
  • Many saw lethal gas as an improvement over other methods because it did not disfigure the body and appeared less violent
  • The last lethal gas execution in America took place in Arizona in 1999
  • Today, only four states – Arizona, California, Missouri, and Wyoming – offer lethal gas as an alternative to lethal injection
  • As of July 1, 2006 11 of of 1,029 executions since 1976 have been administered by lethal gas (1.1%)

 

 

Work Cited

“Methods of Capital Punishment.” Supreme Court Debates 11.3 (Mar. 2008): 5-9. Academic Search Complete. EBSCO. The University of Texas at Austin Libraries, Austin, TX. 7 Nov. 2008 <http://ezproxy.lib.utexas.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=31140605&site=ehost-live&gt;.

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